Raspberry Pi vs Intel NUC: Need to Know
Does the handheld Intel Core i3 NUC completely outshine it in this David vs. Goliath battle?
Intel's Next Unit of Computing (NUC) brings X86 processing power in its smallest form factor yet and IT Pro looks at how the NUC compares to the Raspberry Pi, which uses an ARM-based SoC design.
This isn't a traditional head-to-head. We didn't run the devices through a battery of benchmarks - primarily as the winner would be obvious. Plus the devices have two different aims.
The Pi has been developed by non-for-profit charity for use by enthusiasts and to help children learn to program. The NUC is more of a traditional commercial proposal – aimed at those who want to be able to carry around PC power in the palm of their hand.
So what's the point of this? With ARM chips making the transition over to tablet/laptop computing, and Intel looking to enter the mobile market, these sorts of battles are going to become increasingly common. We take a look at the implemention of these devices and how they are likely to be used.
The first generation Raspberry Pi is powered by a Broadcom BCM2835 SoC with a moderate 700MHz clock speed - in real-world terms this is equivalent to a mid-range smartphone. The Pi has 512MB of RAM and is designed to be bootable from an SD card.
The Pi is usable out-of-the-box, but its System-on-Chip (SoC) design means that components are soldered on and cannot be upgraded.
Meanwhile, the Intel NUC is powered by an Intel Core i3 3127U (dual-core 64-bit running at 1.8GHz) and there is support for 2 x SO-DIMM slots supporting dual-channel DDR3 1,600MHz RAM. Ironically, the NUC is not ready to use immediately. Users will have to fit in the RAM, SSD and Wi-Fi adapter - but this does make it upgradeable.
In terms of ports there is little to differentiate the devices. The Pi features two USB 2 ports, HDMI output, composite video output and 3.5mm audio jack and an Ethernet socket. Intel's DC3217BY motherboard has three USB 2 ports, a HDMI output and a Thunderbolt socket. It doesn't pack an R45 jack either, which limits the functionality.
Intel's decision to stick with USB 2 is surprising and while a Thunderbolt socket offers promise of high bandwidth connectivity to hard drives and a second display output, currently devices that use the Thunderbolt interface are few and far between and come at a substantial premium.
The Raspberry Pi offers remarkably good connectivity options and the inclusion of a hardware Ethernet port is a boon. Wireless connectivity can also be added through a USB dongle.
While Intel's NUC is powered by a laptop-style power brick, the Raspberry Pi can be powered from a single USB port though, a USB power adaptor such as those used to charge smartphones is recommended.
Nevertheless the fact remains that the Raspberry Pi's power adaptor can be bought for £6 for those that don't already have one lying around and is smaller and lighter than a laptop power brick.
Ultimately Intel's NUC DC3217BY will win on just about every CPU, memory and storage benchmark thrown at it but in terms of what can be connected to the two devices and the expansion potential, the Raspberry Pi does better than the NUC.
The Raspberry Pi is incredible value for money. Despite being £25, the device packs slightly better connectivity than the NUC, with key features such as the Ethernet jack included.
Meanwhile, the NUC is over 10x the amount. It costs £220 ex VAT - but you have to add on the cost of RAM, an SSD and Wi-Fi adaptor. Intel has failed to make use of USB 3 compatibility, instead choosing to go with USB 2 and Thunderbolt technology.
Chipset: Broadcom BCM2835 SoC with 700MHz clock speed
Operating system: Linux
Storage: SD card
Connections: 2x USB ports, 1x Ethernet port, 1x HDMI, 1x Audio jack, 1x microUSB power supply
Barebone system with CPU, cooling, case and power adapter supplied
CPU: Intel Core i3 3127U (dual-core 64-bit running at 1.8GHz)
GPU: Intel HD Graphics 4000 (integrated into CPU)
RAM: 2x SO-DIMM slots supporting dual-channel DDR3 1,600MHz
Expansion slots: 2 mini PCI-Express (1 full length, 1 half-length)
External connectivity: 3x USB 2 ports, 1x Thunderbolt port, 1x
Dimensions (including case): 4.59in x 4.41in x 1.50in
65W external power adapter