Apple publishes supply chain audit report
The iPhone maker uncovers a number of violations, but details how it plans to improve conditions at facilities across its supply chain.
It marks the first time Apple has openly published a list of its suppliers, hinting at greater openness from a company that has traditionally kept its cards close to its chest.
The Foxconn factory suicides of 2010 did not shine well on the company, even though the complex was responsible for manufacturing hardware for other tech giants, including Dell and HP.
There is still a lot of work to be done in the area of environmental impact.
In 2011, an explosion at Foxconn's Chengdu factory killed four employees and injured 18 others. There was also an explosion at another Apple supplier facility in Shanghai, run by Ri-Teng, which injured 59.
Apple has also come under fire for its environmental work as well. Last year, a Greenpeace report named the iPhone maker the least green tech company. Apple has continually boasted about its eco-friendly credentials, however.
The company chose to carry out 229 audits across its supply chain in 2011, representing an 80 per cent increase over 2010. In particular, Apple focused more heavily on Asian countries, such as China and Malaysia.
"Apple is committed to driving the highest standards for social responsibility throughout our supply base," the report read.
"We require that our suppliers provide safe working conditions, treat workers with dignity and respect, and use environmentally responsible manufacturing processes wherever Apple products are made."
Apple did find a number of violations going against its Supplier Code of Conduct, saying it was working with suppliers to correct issues.
There were six cases where underage workers were being employed across five facilities.
"In each case, the facility had insufficient controls to verify age or detect false documentation," Apple found. "We found no instances of intentional hiring of underage labour."
When looking into discrimination, Apple found 56 facilities that did not have policies and procedures prohibiting discriminatory practices based on pregnancy. Another 52 did not have procedures in place to prevent discrimination based on results of medical tests.
The company also discovered 42 facilities violated payment practice rules, whilst 68 did not provide benefits as required by national laws.
At 93 facilities, over 50 per cent of workers were exceeding weekly working hour limits of 60.
Apple detailed what it was doing to improve conditions at its supplier complexes. At the troubled Shenzen factory in China, workers now have access to psychological counseling, including a 24-hour hotline.
Employee assistance programmes, designed by mental health experts, have been introduced at another three facilities.
Apple said it recognised "there is still a lot of work to be done in the area of environmental impact." It has committed to various improvements, including an expansion of the number of specialised environmental audits across its supply chain.
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