IBM ‘discriminated against older employees’ when making job cuts

The majority of employees discharged between 2013 and 2018 were over 40, with many rehired on weaker terms

The US employment discrimination regulator has concluded that IBM systematically discriminated against its older employees when making job cuts between 2013 and 2018.

Following an investigation, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has claimed that IBM unfairly discharged its workers who fell in the Protected Age Group of workers aged 40 or older when making resources-driven job losses. 

This is according to an EEOC letter director towards IBM, uncovered by ProPublica, following an investigation spurred by complaints issued by former IBM employees who feel the company discriminated against workers based on their age.

Analysis by the watchdog shows that 85.85% of those laid off during job cuts over the course of the five-year period were older workers, many of who were told their skills were out of date. Further evidence uncovered also revealed that many of these workers were subsequently rehired on lower pay and with fewer employment benefits.

“The investigation uncovered top-down messaging from Respondent’s [IBM] highest ranks directing managers to engage in an aggressive approach to significantly reduce the headcount of older workers to make room for Early Professional Hires,” the letter said.

“EEOC received corroborating testimony from dozens of witnesses nationwide supporting a discriminatory animus based on age.” 

IBM argued the complainants were discharged as part of a series of resource actions designed to reduce headcount and lower costs. IBM also suggests there was no centralised decision-making over the job losses and that each individual manager was responsible for selecting workers in their teams that would be let go, based on metrics including performance and relevant skills.

The EEOC found, however, that IBM’s arguments “did not withstand scrutiny”, with the agency determining “there is reasonable cause to believe that Respondent discriminated against Charging Parties and others on account of their age”. 

Related Resource

Global HR leaders reveal top strategies for rebuilding company culture

How to engage employees to navigate COVID-19 disruption

Download now

While IBM has been found to have committed wrongdoing in this respect, the agency would not be issuing a formal punishment, and instead “endeavour to eliminate the alleged unlawful employment practices” through informal methods. These include holding meetings and attempting to persuade IBM to change its structures.

IT Pro approached IBM for a statement.

Featured Resources

Four cyber security essentials that your board of directors wants to know

The insights to help you deliver what they need

Download now

Data: A resource much too valuable to leave unprotected

Protect your data to protect your company

Download now

Improving cyber security for remote working

13 recommendations for security from any location

Download now

Why CEOS should care about the move to SAP S/4HANA

And how they can accelerate business value

Download now

Recommended

IBM’s expanded IBM Z skills initiative will help clients hire and train apprentices for key roles
Careers & training

IBM’s expanded IBM Z skills initiative will help clients hire and train apprentices for key roles

19 Nov 2020
Log-On Wave for IBM Z simplifies highly virtualized environments
virtualisation

Log-On Wave for IBM Z simplifies highly virtualized environments

16 Nov 2020
IBM adds automation and data management to its hybrid cloud software
Cloud

IBM adds automation and data management to its hybrid cloud software

11 Nov 2020
IBM and AT&T bring hybrid cloud service to the 5G era
hybrid cloud

IBM and AT&T bring hybrid cloud service to the 5G era

29 Oct 2020

Most Popular

80% of cyber professionals say the Computer Misuse Act is working against them
Security

80% of cyber professionals say the Computer Misuse Act is working against them

20 Nov 2020
Cisco acquires container security startup Banzai Cloud
Security

Cisco acquires container security startup Banzai Cloud

18 Nov 2020
46 million Animal Jam accounts leaked after comms software breach
Security

46 million Animal Jam accounts leaked after comms software breach

13 Nov 2020