NHS Digital seeks private healthcare data to augment its own patient records

New initiative will merge public and private patient data for the first time

NHS Digital is set to capture private healthcare data for the first time, adding this information to its own datasets on patients in a fresh data-sharing initiative.

Aiming to improve consistency of the way data is recorded across the entire UK health sector, NHS Digital and the Private Healthcare Information Network (PHIN) are jointly leading the Acute Data Alignment Programme (Adapt).

The bid to improve the overall quality of patient data seeks to address a longstanding issue where NHS records of patients who have also been treated privately are incomplete.

"This will be an important, practical step in taking forward the safety agenda in the independent sector," said secretary of state for health and social care Jeremy Hunt.

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PHIN, an independent not-for-profit organisation, is responsible for gathering and publishing performance from the UK's private healthcare sector. The mutual, cost-free relationship will also involve the Department for Health and Social Care (DHSC), NHS England, NHS Improvement, and the Care Quality Commission (CQC).

Phase one of the agreement, expected to be completed in 2018/19, will see the parties to publish all the information mandated by the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA), while phase two will aim to redirect data for around 750,000 privately-funded treatments each year from PHIN to NHS Digital, with a public consultation on the scope of the partnership expected later this year.

No identifiable NHS patient data would be shared with PHIN under the current plans, NHS Digital told IT Pro.

"Integrating data from private suppliers into NHS systems will improve the completeness of records for patients whose care is split across private and NHS providers. This will improve safety, efficacy and convenience for these patients," said NHS Digital chief executive Sarah Wilkinson.

"In addition it will provide insights into patient outcomes in the private sector and how they compare to the NHS. These insights will help increase standards of care in both sectors."

NHS Digital has been working hard to raise the level and quality of data sharing in the healthcare sector, recently making 1.5 million in grants available to support projects that better integrate data between the disjointed health and social care strands of the system.

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But the public health service has a chequered history of sharing data, involving high-profile blunders and failed initiatives such as the troubled care.data scheme.

High-profile examples of data-sharing misdemeanours that have eroded public trust in recent years include the DeepMind scandal, in which Google's AI arm was given access to data on 1.6 million patients without their consent at three Royal Free NHS Trust hospitals in London.

NHS Digital itself came under fire earlier this year for a widely-criticised agreement it had struck with the Home Office in which non-clinical patient data was shared with the department for immigration enforcement. Following widespread criticism the data-sharing agreement was revised.

As per the National Data Guardian (NDA), Dame Fiona Caldicott, 2016 recommendations, NHS Digital last month announced plans to launch a data opt-out tool for patients in England who want to opt-out of sharing confidential information for use in research and planning.

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Coinciding with the introduction of the EU's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the tool will collect patient preferences between now and 2020, by which time organisations across England will be expected to apply the choices made to data-sharing decisions.

NHS Digital told IT Pro that confidential patient data shared as part of the Adapt programme will be processed in line with GDPR rules, and will only be shared once these have been satisfied. Additionally, shared data will be anonymised in line with the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) code of practice.

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