Google releases Android 12 developer preview

With new restrictions introduced, Google warns developers to check apps for compatibility

An Android figurine on a laptop with developer code on the display

Google has released the developer preview of its Android 12 operating system, which includes several new features for developers - along with some restrictions.

According to Google, the latest version of its mobile OS features changes in three key areas: security, user experience, and app compatibility. Many of these changes are developer-facing and won't be immediately apparent to users.

The operating system features changes to WebView, which is the component that underpins the Chrome web browser. Android 12 now includes several changes that Google has already made to Chrome, including new behaviors for SameSite cookies

SameSite is a cookie attribute that determines whether it can be sent with requests from the same site or a third-party site. If the user doesn’t turn on SameSite, Android now recommends sending the cookie via a more secure HTTPS link. Developers will have to examine their apps to ensure they set cookies properly to support cross-site cookie dependencies.

Google has also expanded its access restriction on MAC address use, which are unique device identifiers that users can’t reset. Google already prohibited some application classes from accessing MAC address information in Android 11, but it’s extended that restriction to all apps in Android 12.

Android now also handles two things more strictly: intents, which are messages that app components can use to request actions from each other, and component export, which allows applications to make their components available to each other. Applications running in the background can also no longer run services that run in the foreground.

On the user-experience side, Google has improved the way it handles images and video by automatically transcoding from HEVC, an increasingly popular video format that offers better compression support and is more appropriate for 4K video, even for apps that don't natively support that format. Android 12 also supports the AV1 compression format. 

The Android 12 developer preview also features haptic-coupled audio, which lets developers control the phone's internal vibrator using custom sounds (think: custom vibrations for different ringtones, for example).

Users can also expect updates to the phone's notifications, smoother animations, and tightened its development framework that forces developers to use techniques that launch apps from notifications quicker.

Finally, Android 12 features some app compatibility changes, especially in application interfaces. Google continues to restrict interfaces not found in its official SDK, which means developers should check their apps to see if they need to change any API calls. 

It’s also adding the Android Runtime Module (ART), making it easier for the company to push updates to the core operating system via its Google Play system update project, known as Project Mainline, which won't require a full system update.

The company has made developer images for Android 12 available but has dropped support for its Pixel 2 phones with this release. On the upside, developers get a preview for developing Android TV apps on the latest version of the platform.

Featured Resources

How to scale your organisation in the cloud

How to overcome common scaling challenges and choose the right scalable cloud service

Download now

The people factor: A critical ingredient for intelligent communications

How to improve communication within your business

Download now

Future of video conferencing

Optimising video conferencing features to achieve business goals

Download now

Improving cyber security for remote working

13 recommendations for security from any location

Download now

Recommended

How to unroot Android
Google Android

How to unroot Android

9 Sep 2020
Google to fund Linux developers to fix kernel security problems
Linux

Google to fund Linux developers to fix kernel security problems

25 Feb 2021
Google’s transatlantic undersea cable ready for service
Network & Internet

Google’s transatlantic undersea cable ready for service

4 Feb 2021
Gmail vs Outlook.com: Which one is better?
email providers

Gmail vs Outlook.com: Which one is better?

22 Jan 2021

Most Popular

How to connect one, two or more monitors to your laptop
Laptops

How to connect one, two or more monitors to your laptop

25 Feb 2021
How to find RAM speed, size and type
Laptops

How to find RAM speed, size and type

26 Feb 2021
Ransomware operators are exploiting VMware ESXi flaws
ransomware

Ransomware operators are exploiting VMware ESXi flaws

1 Mar 2021