Article 13 and Article 11 talks break down

Mounting opposition to the proposed controversial directive could kill it off for good

European Parliament - What Is Article 13? What is Article 11?

The trilogue negotiation phase regarding the final wording of Article 13 and Article 11 of the European Copyright Directive was due to begin today, but the closed-door meeting was cancelled on Friday.

The meeting was cancelled as a result of a lack of adoption and support for the proposal in its current form, tweeted Julia Reda, MEP for the German Pirate Party.

The European Council firmly rejected the negotiating mandate which was supposed to outline the position held by member states on the controversial directive.

Reda says that while a trilogue meeting could still happen before the European elections in May, the likelihood has decreased

Eleven of the 28 member states voted against the compromise text proposed by the Romanian Council presidency earlier this week. Opponents include Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Finland and Slovenia, who already opposed a previous version of the directive, as well as Italy, Poland, Sweden, Croatia, Luxembourg and Portugal, Reda says.

The Romanian Council presidency will go back and redraft a new text to try and reach a qualified majority but the opposition is mounting and there is hope that the directive will ultimately be scrapped.

The trilogue negotiations were due to begin today with a view to having final legislative wording completed by March or April. Reda points out that just because negotiations have come to a halt, it doesn't spell the end of the directive.

Aside from member states, core opponents of the directive are diverse. From YouTube vloggers to internet service floggers, there are many people with reasons to hate the directive.

In an open letter penned to President Juncker, MEP Axel Voss and other leaders involved with the directive, 58 signatories including Human Rights Watch and Reporters Without Borders had the following to say:

"A legislative provision that requires internet companies to install a filtering system would almost certainly be rejected by the Court of Justice because it would contravene the requirement that a fair balance be struck between the right to intellectual property on the one hand, and the freedom to conduct business and the right to freedom of expression, such as to receive or impart information, on the other.

"If internet companies are required to apply filtering mechanisms in order to avoid possible liability, they will. This will lead to excessive filtering and deletion of content and limit the freedom to impart information on the one hand, and the freedom to receive information on the other."

What is Article 13?

The full details of the Article can be found here, but if you're not into reading legal text, it essentially means sites such as YouTube, Vimeo, Facebook, Twitter and Soundcloud - sites that host user-generated content - become legally liable for the copyrighted material it hosts. For YouTube's case, this is the large majority of it.

Labelled the 'meme ban', the article in its current wording would forbid taking work owned by someone else, say a song or a picture, and altering it in any way for the purpose of republishing it to the web.

This effectively would ban the process of creating 'memes', which are entirely driven by the ability to take an image and then edit it to provide some humour. Under the new directive, this would be prohibited, as would the remix of any song, unless the remixer had written consent from the original artist to use their work.

What is Article 11?

Article 11 is more easy to digest than Article 13. Also known as the 'Link Tax', it targets news aggregators such as Google and Apple who each have news services which curate the most important news stories of the day, using AI-driven algorithms. It essentially attempts to help news outlets generate more money for the content they produce.

Rather than isolated to traditional outlets, news is now plastered all over Facebook walls, Twitter feeds and even Instagram accounts. However, it's often the case that users glance at headlines and brief story descriptions to get the jist of a news bulletin, and then move on. With Article 11, companies would be able to charge a tax on Facebook for those missed clicks.

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