Chrome 67 Site Isolation stops Spectre bug exploits but hogs more memory
New Site Isolation feature will use about 10-13% of memory to cut down side-channel attacks
Google has added a Site Isolation feature to Chrome 67 to protect against Spectre vulnerabilities and similar side-channel attacks, but the fix eats up to 13% more memory.
Site Isolation is a large change to Chrome's architecture that limits each renderer process to documents from a single site. This allows Chrome to rely on the operating system to prevent attacks between processes.
It splits the rendering process into separate tasks using out-of-process iframes, which makes it difficult for Spectre side-channel attacks.
"In Chrome 67, Site Isolation has been enabled for 99% of users on Windows, Mac, Linux, and Chrome OS. Given the large scope of this change, we are keeping a 1% holdback, for now, to monitor and improve performance," Google Chrome team member Charlie Reis explained.
"This means that even if a Spectre attack were to occur in a malicious web page, data from other websites would generally not be loaded into the same process, and so there would be much fewer data available to the attacker. This significantly reduces the threat posed by Spectre."
However, Site Isolation does cause Chrome to create more renderer processes, which comes with "performance tradeoffs" with about 10-13% total memory overhead in real workloads due to a large number of processes.
Spectre, along with Meltdown become publicly known in January and an additional variant of Spectre was disclosed in May. These attacks used the speculative execution features of most CPUs to access parts of memory that should be off-limits to a piece of code and then use timing attacks to discover the values stored in that memory.
"We're now investigating how to extend Site Isolation coverage to Chrome for Android, where there are additional known issues," added Reis.
"Experimental enterprise policies for enabling Site Isolation will be available in Chrome 68 for Android, and it can be enabled manually on Android using chrome://flags/#enable-site-per-process."
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