Tycoon ransomware discovered using Java image files to target software firms
Researchers believe that the malware has been active since December 2019
The malware, named Tycoon, was uncovered and analysed by BlackBerry’s Research and Intelligence and KPMG’s UK Cyber Response Services teams. Their researchers believe that the malware has been active since December 2019, yet was able to “fly under the radar” due to using “an obscure Java image format”.
Tycoon is known to be deployed as a trojanised Java Runtime Environment, being compiled in a Java image file (Jimage) in order to conceal its malicious intent. The malware is spread by connecting to a system using a remote desktop protocol (RDP) server.
KPMG’s and BlackBerry’s researchers explained that “the threat actors behind Tycoon were observed using highly targeted delivery mechanisms to infiltrate small to medium-sized companies and institutions in education and software industries, where they would proceed to encrypt file servers and demand a ransom,” which is paid in bitcoins.
However, the researchers claim that because of the reuse of a fairly common RSA private key, it may be possible to recover encrypted data without having to pay.
Tycoon uses encrypted files extension such as “thanos”, “grinch”, and “redrum”, and its encrypted files signatures include “happyny3.1” and “redrum3_0”.
Although KPMG and BlackBerry’s teams are familiar with “a substantial increase in ransomware written in languages such as Java and Go”, they said that Tycoon “is the first sample we've encountered that specifically abuses the Java JIMAGE format to create a custom malicious JRE build”.
How enterprises are embracing cyber security challenges
Enterprises across Europe, the Middle East and Africa are undergoing a significant transformationDownload now
“Malware writers are constantly seeking new ways of flying under the radar,” they explained. “They are slowly moving away from conventional obfuscation and shifting towards uncommon programming languages and obscure data formats.”
It has not been revealed how many organisations had fallen victim to the Tycoon malware. The number is believed to be limited as hackers appear to be choosing their targets carefully.
BIOS security: The next frontier for endpoint protection
Today’s threats upend traditional security measuresDownload now
The role of modern storage in a multi-cloud future
Research exploring the impact of modern storage in defining cloud successDownload now
Enterprise data protection: A four-step plan
An interactive buyers’ guide and checklistDownload now
The total economic impact of Adobe Sign
Cost savings and business benefits enabled by Adobe SignDownload now