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Insurers defend ransomware payouts

The Association of British Insurers suggests firms will struggle without the cover

Skull and Key ransomware depiction

The Association of British Insurers (ABI) has hit back at criticism of companies that payout fees for ransomware attacks. 

The ABI defended its inclusion in first-party cyber insurance policies, according to the BBC, suggesting many companies could face financial ruin without the cover.

On Monday, the former head of the National Cyber Security Centre, Ciaran Martin said that the practice of paying out for ransomware attacks was "close to getting out of control". He also called for a change in the law on insurance, banning payments outright. 

In response, a spokesman for the ABI told the BBC that insurers require that "reasonable precautions" are taken to prevent attacks in the first place, similar to other types of cover, such as home or travel insurance. 

"Some might argue that any insurance that covers against a criminal act could lull the policyholder into a false sense of security," he said.

However, Martin was backed by others within the cyber security industry. Eset security specialist, Jake Moore told IT Pro that the practice was "propping up the system" and funding future ransomware attacks. In 2020, an AT&T study found that 40% of IT security professionals believed ransomware payments should be made illegal. 

25/1/2021: Ransomware payouts are "propping up the system"

There is no chance of stopping ransomware attacks if insurance companies continue to keep fronting the bill, security experts have warned. 

Paying hackers to get back online and to unlock files sends out the wrong message and inadvertently "props" up the system, according to Eset security specialist Jake Moore

His comments echo those of Ciaran Martin, former head of the National Cyber Security Centre, who told The Guardian that he feared the situation was "close to getting out of control". He also called for a change in the law on insurance, banning payments outright.

Ransomware cases have increased over the last couple of years, with a spate of attacks in the UK and US as hackers took advantage of the COVID pandemic. Moore sympathised with organisations as they can often be "stuck between a rock and a hard place", left to choose between a payment to get back online or lose everything.

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"The cyclical ransomware business model needs to be put to a stop but there isn't a chance when insurers are propping up the system," Moore told IT Pro. "For years, insurers have offered to reimburse ransomware attack victims and even offer support in how to pay if they require help but this just sends the completely wrong message out and funds the next cyber crime wave of activity.

"If the correct legislation could be drafted, we could see a decrease in this fateful attack vector." 

Along with a legal fix, Moore firmly believes that further education into preventative measure is key. Correct backups and other proactive techniques could put a stop to it and part of the problem with payouts is it doesn't guarantee that businesses systems will come back online. What's more, payment demands usually increase over time. 

In June, cloud service Blackbaud suffered a ransomware attack that resulted in a data breach. The firm told its partners it had paid the ransom on the behest the stolen data would be deleted.

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