In-depth

How to boot Windows 10 in Safe Mode

Everything you need to know about starting Windows 10 securely and returning to normal boot

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Maybe you're not used to Microsoft, and you're breaking in your brand-new Windows 10 computer and the internet speed seems off. Maybe you're a Windows 10 loyalist, and while you're tinkering away on your computer you decide that the app you installed earlier might have given your system a virus.

Either way, you might not have the time or patience to wait for Microsoft to swoop in with an update. However, Windows 10 Safe Mode allows you to easily identify and solve problems you're having with your Windows 10 device without professional help.

Safe mode can help you rectify anything from slow boot ups, too much content stored on the device, and viruses and bugs. It is a limited environment that prevents damage from getting any worse, thus making it the best option to reboot your computer system.

Only vital parts of the system will run while the device is in Safe Mode, and network access and overall functionality are limited. Applications won't start either, so you'll be able to determine if something you've installed is at fault or if you can blame the core operating system.

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Safe Mode might seem like a high-tech feature unique to Windows 10, but it has actually been available since Windows '95, making it one of the system's longest-standing features. Its presentation and accessibility has evolved with the rest of Windows, but its essential purpose has stayed the same.

What is Safe Mode?

Only the most important files and drivers needed to launch Windows 10 (or earlier) will be activated upon booting up a computer in safe mode, so no third-party apps, cosmetic features or other tools will be present when you gain access to your desktop.

This stripping down process is done so you can determine which application may be causing the issues you're experiencing, or whether the operating system itself is at the heart of the problem.

Standard safe mode restricts access to the internet, while safe mode with networking enables you to access the web via either Wi-Fi or an ethernet cable. However, safe mode with networking should be avoided if you believe your issue lies with a malware, or virus, as data may be fed back to the attackers, or the bug may spread across a network.

Why launch in Safe Mode?

If you're struggling to start Windows normally - for example, if you're just seeing a blue screen when trying to start up, or the progress bar never actually gets to the end of the loading cycle, starting your computer up with only the very basics is a great place to start.

It's also a good idea to start your computer up in safe mode if you think it's been infected with malware or some of the hardware drivers on your machine are stunting the ability for it to launch properly. Staring up in Safe Mode will disable anything that's not essential for the computer to start up and therefore, you'll be able to identify the troublesome app and will be able to stop the malware spreading around your network if you think it's become infected.

If one application is conflicting with another, starting up in Safe Mode will help with this too. After you've determined the blue screen or problems with startup aren't related to the core files, you can start testing other applications to see which is causing the problem and then uninstall just that one.

Although starting up your computer in Safe Mode won't always cure the issue, it's the best place to start if you're not exactly sure what's wrong with it.

How to start Windows 10 in Safe Mode

There are two ways to launch Safe Mode on your computer either via the settings menu, if you can access it, or when you reach the sign-in screen.

Via the Settings menu

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From your Start Screen, press the Windows button and the power button on your keyboard to open the Settings Menu using a shortcut. However, if that doesn't work, you can enter the menu by selecting the Start button at the bottom of your screen and then navigating to settings.

Once you're in the settings menu, select Update & security and then Recovery. When the screen throws up the advanced settings, select Restart now.

Your computer will now restart, presenting the Choose an option screen. From here, select Troubleshoot - Advanced Options - Startup Settings, then Restart.

Your PC will reboot again and this time, you'll be able to choose to start up in either Safe Mode (option 4, or select it by pressing F4) or Safe Mode With Networking (option 5; tap F4 if you can't choose it manually).

Via the sign-in screen

If you've just started up your PC to find it's not working correctly, you can also reboot using Safe Mode when you arrive at the sign-in screen.

To do this, hold down the Shift button on your keyboard, then select Power and Restart. When your computer reboots, it should open up the same Choose an option screen, as is the case when you restart your computer in Safe Mode via the settings menu.

Once again, select Restart from the Startup Settings menu that you'll find if you select Troubleshoot; then select Advanced Options and choose either option 4 or press F4 on your keyboard to boot up in Safe Mode, or option 5 (F5) if you need to access the internet in Safe Mode.

When to call a professional

Once you're running Safe Mode, you can start to investigate the problems you're experiencing with your computer and try to fix them.

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However, if you're not confident trying to fix the issue yourself, it's always best to call in professional help either from your IT department or a third-party company to make sure you don't damage your PC permanently.

If your computer is presenting the black screen of death and you're unable to do anything at all, hit CTRL, ALT, DELETE to bring up the logout screen, select Restart and ensure you press down the Shift button to take you to the Choose an option screen, from which you can select Safe Mode.

How to use msconfig to launch Safe Mode

If you would rather launch Safe Mode using the command line rather than going through the rather time-consuming steps above, you can instead launch msconfig from the Start Screen by typing it in, then choosing Launch System Configuration from the list of options. Next, select Boot.

When the menu pops up, tick the Safe Boot box and choose which variation of Safe Mode you want to boot up in. Click OK and hey presto! Your Windows 10 machine will start up in Safe Mode.

How to get to the old Windows 7 Advanced Options screen

If you're used to using older versions of Windows, you may want to use the older Advanced Boot Options that are no longer visible in Windows 10.

To do this, you'll need to create a bootable USB flash drive or DVD, which you'll need to do on another computer if your machine isn't working. It's a good idea to have one already made up though, just in case you experience problems in future.

To access the legacy Advanced Options from this bootable drive, pop the USB drive or DVD into your machine and boot from it (you may have to adjust the BIOS boot settings), select your language and when you arrive at the Repair your computer page, choose Troubleshoot, Advanced Options and Command Prompt.

Now, type in the disk destination (such as c:) and press enter. Now, type in bcdedit /set {default} bootmenupolicy legacy followed by enter, then type exit and return to quit the Command Prompt. Remove the USB or DVD and when you reboot your computer, it will use the old-school boot. Tap F8 to get to the Advanced Options where you can choose to boot up in Safe Mode, Safe Mode with Networking, Safe Mode with Command Prompt or any other available option.

How to exit Windows 10 in Safe Mode

Once you're in Safe Mode and, hopefully, have corrected the problem with your computer, you'll want to test it's worked. To do this, you'll need to exit from Safe Mode. You can do this once again using msconfig. Head to the Start Menu and type in msconfig to bring up the System Configuration menu.

Go to the Boot option at the bottom of the screen, untick Safe Boot, select apply and OK. you may be asked to reboot for the changes to take effect, or just restart manually to relaunch your computer in normal mode.

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Picture: Bigstock

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