IT experts weigh up the pros and cons of vaccine passports

UK government suggests rapid flow test are a better solution, but businesses are welcome to adopt digital vaccination credentials

Vaccine passports could be used to help us safely get back to a more 'normal' life and could even be used to reintroduce people back into the workplace, experts are suggesting. 

However, they have warned that the mobile technology needed to do so might be beyond the capabilities of the UK government and could also create a number of privacy and security risks. 

The warnings come after UK government said that businesses are free to pursue vaccination ID tech, despite ruling out a scheme of its own. The secretary in charge of the COVID vaccine rollout, Nadhim Zahawi, took the stance that rapid flow tests would be a better method of ensuring people can enter venues safely, though he did say "it is obviously up to businesses what they do," according to the Independent

The cinema chain Cineworld was also reported to be interested in adopting a digital vaccination certificate system, but the company told IT Pro that it is "emphatically not the case". It also revealed that it was "not aware" of any of its members seeing rapid testing as the way forward.

Digital vaccination passports or identification have been touted as a safe way for international air travel to resume and also a viable method to reopen certain types of business. Salesforce recently lent its services to a cohort of medical professionals to help develop an app-based ID that could be presented at check-in desks pre-flight. Similarly, Emirates Airline has already begun trialling its own app. 

With regard to domestic use cases, such as cinemas and restaurants, a lack of government support might initially hinder consumers and the businesses that adopt them, according to Helen Goss, employment partner at technology law firm Boyes Turner.

"We can already anticipate GPs being overwhelmed by requests for letters confirming their patients have received vaccinations," Goss said to IT Pro. "Businesses reliant on large aggregations of people may well be able to justify such a policy on safety grounds but will need to be mindful of potential backlash from groups who do not want to be vaccinated."

Alternatively, if the government were to back a digital vaccine certificate, it might fall short of the capability to create something conveniently and universally usable, according to René Seifert, the co-head of digital verification startup 

"A more likely outcome is the emergence of one or several private actors who would approach a solution in a hybrid way between a proprietary solution and open protocol (e.g. blockchain) and solicit the endorsement by governments," Seifert said. "Likewise, a public-private partnership could drive the development forward and accelerate the rollout." The use of vaccine passports might also enable more than just travel and entertainment, according to Steve Treagust, the VP of industries program management at IFS. Treagust suggests it could also pave the way for a safe return to the workplace, but its administrative burden may prove too heavy. 

"The key to any successful compliance management programme is to allow integrated processes and systems to shoulder that burden and turn compliance into a business opportunity," Treagust said. 

"This means combining digital passports with existing workforce and human capital management processes and systems. This ensures that only those who can verify they have been vaccinated can rejoin physical workplaces." 

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