Everything you need to know about HPE

Born out of HP's split, HPE focuses on enterprise products and services

Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) was created in 2015 when HP split its operation into two. On one side is HP Inc, the printer and PC arm of the company, while HPE deals with enterprise products and services.

Since HPE was formed it has consistently grown in terms of both revenue and profit margin, and has been buying businesses and launching new products and services to keep up with competitors. It hasn't become bloated, though, and over the past four years has spun off various business units, most notably its software and enterprise services divisions.

Quick facts:

  • Founded: 1 November 2015
  • CEO: Antonio Neri
  • Chair: Patricia Russo
  • HQ: Palo Alto, California
  • Annual revenue: $30.9 billion (2018)
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The announcement that HP was going to be split into two parts came in 2014, with the division being completed in late 2015. Hewlett Packard Enterprise, as the name would suggest, is focused on enterprise hardware products, such as servers and networking equipment, whereas HP Inc sells printers, laptops and desktop PCs.

Despite experiencing some pretty tough times, HPE is still one of the leaders in its field, especially in the cloud market where it's competing head-to-head with Dell Technologies (particularly Dell EMC) for the largest part of the cloud IT infrastructure revenue share.

What does HPE sell?

HPE's portfolio covers various types of enterprise products, including servers, data storage products, hybrid infrastructure, edge computing services and networking equipment. It also has some high-performance computing (HPC) credentials, but these aren't part of its main product range.

Its storage portfolio covers everything from software-defined to all-flash to spinning disk and tape. Servers include tower, rack and blade, as well as integrated systems, while networking includes switches, routers and access points.

In 2017, the organisation launched what it claims is the most secure commercially available server infrastructure. Gen10 ProLiant includes what's described as a "digital fingerprint" built into its silicon and firmware. If the two don't match, indicating someone has been tampering with the server, it won't boot.

It is also heavily invested in research, with its Labs division focusing on projects such as The Machine in-memory compute (technology that has recently been baked into the company's Primera storage offering), and supercomputing/high-performance computing (HPC).

The company has also been pushing heavily into cloud and edge computing in recent years. Most recently, this has culminated in a partnership with Nutanix, announced in April 2019, which will deliver hybrid cloud as a service through HPE's GreenLake platform, and interoperability with Google Anthos, AWS and Azure, announced at its annual Discover conference in 2019, along with a new cloud management platform, Aruba Central. Edge computing, meanwhile, has been allocated a $4 billion investment to help boost product development and partnerships in this area.

HPE's history

While HPE has only existed for only four years as a company, its heritage goes back 80 years to 1939, when it was founded in a garage by two Stanford University electrical engineering graduates, Bill Hewlett and David Packard.

For the first 30 years of its existence, the company focused on small electronics equipment like audio oscillators, calculators and counter-radar technology during the Second World War. It was only in 1966 that it entered the computing business with a series of mini computers.

In the decades that followed, however, it took pioneering steps in server architecture, 'smart' ASCII terminals, desktop computing and desktop printing.

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During the 2000s and early 2010s, the company experienced a particularly turbulent time following a number of troubled acquisitions, notably Compaq, EDS and Autonomy.

Between 1999 and 2011, HPE went through three CEOs (not counting interim CEOs), all of whom left under a cloud. Finally, in September 2011, Meg Whitman was brought onboard and it was she who oversaw the division of HP into HPE and HP Inc.

Whitman continued as head of HPE following its founding in 2015 and led the charge to further narrow the company's focus on enterprise hardware, spinning off its software and services businesses (although this latter move was reversed in 2017 with the launch of PointNext). She also focused on building up the company's in-memory computing efforts, known under her tenure as The Machine, and edge computing capabilities, as well as a focus on hybrid IT.

In November 2017 Whitman announced she would be retiring from her position of CEO, with the company's then president Antonio Neri taking over in February 2018. Neri remains CEO today.

HPE's acquisitions

HPE has made a number of significant acquisitions in the four years since it was founded. The first is arguably Aruba Networks, although it was officially acquired in May 2015, just before HP split into two separate businesses. This has turned out to be a highly successful acquisition and Aruba still enjoys a degree of autonomy within the business.

The company has also made two significant supercomputing/HPC acquisitions, SGI in 2016 for $275 million and Cray in 2019 for a whopping $1.3 billion. CEO Antonio Neri has expressed a desire to "make supercomputing mainstream", but at the time of writing this is yet to materialise. Instead, it's being used in more traditional research settings, such as helping to map the mammalian brain.

Another notable acquisition made by HPE is Nimble Storage, which it bought in 2017 for $1 billion and has rapidly incorporated into its portfolio, targeting mid-market customers in particular.

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