Uber ordered to reinstate drivers fired by its algorithm

TfL also ordered to reinstate a driver that had his license revoked due to Uber software

Uber logo on the wall of an office

A Dutch court has ordered Uber to reinstate and compensate six former drivers that were fired based on incorrect assessments made by an algorithm.

Five of the drivers, all of which operate in the UK, were represented by the App Drivers & Couriers Union (ADCU), which argued that technology inside Uber's driver app, used to track drivers and verify their locations, had incorrectly flagged drivers for "fraudulent activity" without explanation.

The union also said that the company had failed to provide proper evidence to support its decision to fire the drivers.

The judgement was made in the absence of Uber, which had failed to contest the case originally brought in February.

On Wednesday, the district court of Amsterdam – home to Uber’s European headquarters - issued a default judgment that sided with the union. It has ordered Uber to reinstate the drivers and pay a penalty of €5,000 (£4,300) for each day they have been out of work since the case was first brought, up to a maximum of €150,000.

Uber has claimed it was only made aware of the case last week, and has therefore been unable to challenge it. It has also suggested that the ADCU had not followed "proper legal procedure".

"With no knowledge of the case, the court handed down a default judgment in our absence, which was automatic and not considered," an Uber spokesperson said.

In a separate case on Monday, a London Magistrates Court also ordered Transport for London (TfL) to reinstate the license for one of the drivers. Abdifatah Abdalla was reported to the transport regulator after he was dismissed by Uber for fraudulent activity.

Uber's driver's app uses a 'real-time ID system', software that uses facial recognition to scan drivers as they log in to the app. It also monitors the location of each driver to link them with customers.

All six of the drivers, which includes one Dutch driver, were flagged by the app's security systems for "fraudulent" activity.

In the case of Abdalla, the app reported that two separate devices had tried to access his Uber account from two different locations in London. He claims the notification of his dismissal failed to give specific reasons beyond the system flagging him for "fraudulent activity", something which he denies.

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The president of the ADCU, Yassen Aslam, expressed "deep concern" about the role TfL had played in this case, suggesting the transport body had encouraged Uber to introduce "surveillance technology" as a price for keeping its operator's license.

"The result has been devastating for a TfL licensed workforce that is 94% BAME," said Aslam. "The Mayor of London must step in and guarantee the rights and freedoms of Uber drivers licensed under his administration."

The identification system was first introduced after Uber was deemed "not fit and proper" buy TfL in 2017. The transport regulator sought assurances for passenger safety and felt Uber needed to do more to verify its drivers - a number were found to have an out of date Mot, for example.

A spokesperson for TfL said that the safety of the public is its top priority and that it takes immediate licensing action when notified of driver identity fraud.

"We always require the evidence behind an operator's decision to dismiss a driver and review it along with any other relevant information as part of any decision to revoke a licence," the spokesperson said.

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